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Genghis Khan exempted the poor, teachers, artists, and lawyers from taxes, encouraged literacy, and established freedom of religion across his empire. He also forbade the selling of women and the hunting of animals during their breeding season.

Mongol Empire Not to be confused with Mughal Empire. The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Mongolyn Ezent Güren listen ; Mongolian Cyrillic: Монголын эзэнт гүрэн; Mongolian pronunciation: [mɔŋɡ(ɔ)ɮˈiːŋ ɛt͡sˈɛnt ˈɡurəŋ]; also Орда, ‘the Horde’ in Russian chronicles) existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and was the largest contiguous land empire in history. Originating from Mongolia, the …

Genghis Khan exempted the poor, teachers, artists, and lawyers from taxes, encouraged literacy, and established freedom of religion across his empire. He also forbade the selling of women and the hunting of animals during their breeding season. Read More »

In ancient Egypt, under the decree of Ptolemy II, all ships visiting the city were obliged to surrender their books to the library of Alexandria and be copied. The original would be kept in the library and the copy given back to the owner.

Library of Alexandria Map of ancient Alexandria. The Mouseion was located in the royal Broucheion quarter (listed on this map as “Bruchium”) in the central part of the city near the Great Harbor (“Portus Magnus” on the map). The Ptolemaic rulers intended the Library to be a collection of all knowledge and they worked to …

In ancient Egypt, under the decree of Ptolemy II, all ships visiting the city were obliged to surrender their books to the library of Alexandria and be copied. The original would be kept in the library and the copy given back to the owner. Read More »

When Robert E Lee and the Confederate army surrendered, Union soldiers saluted them and gave them rations (the confederate soldiers were starving). Normally victorious armies would taunt defeated ones, but Ulysses S Grant respected the Confederates and ordered that they be treated well.

10 Facts: Appomattox Court House How much do you know about the final days of the war in Virginia? Here are some facts about the battle and the surrender to help shed a little light for newcomers and test the knowledge of veterans. Fact #1: Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered to Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. …

When Robert E Lee and the Confederate army surrendered, Union soldiers saluted them and gave them rations (the confederate soldiers were starving). Normally victorious armies would taunt defeated ones, but Ulysses S Grant respected the Confederates and ordered that they be treated well. Read More »

Ancient Sumeria elected ‘Substitute Kings’ during eclipses to protect the king from a prophecy of death. Once a real king, ‘Erra-imitti’ suddenly died while eating hot porridge and his substitute, ‘Enlil-bani’ formerly a random gardener, stayed king for 24 years.

Enlil-bani Enlil-bāni,[nb 1] ca. 1798 BC – 1775 BC (short chronology) or 1860 – 1837 BC (middle chronology), was the 10th king of the 1st Dynasty of Isin and reigned 24 years according to the Ur-Isin kinglist.[i 1] He is best known for the legendary and perhaps apocryphal manner of his ascendancy. Biography A certain …

Ancient Sumeria elected ‘Substitute Kings’ during eclipses to protect the king from a prophecy of death. Once a real king, ‘Erra-imitti’ suddenly died while eating hot porridge and his substitute, ‘Enlil-bani’ formerly a random gardener, stayed king for 24 years. Read More »

Adolf Hitler spent years evading taxes and owed German authorities 405,000 Reichsmarks, equivalent to $8 million today. Soon after he took power, he was declared free of tax obligations.

Hitler dodged taxes, expert finds Adolf Hitler spent years dodging taxes, accumulating enormous debts as he led his Nazi party to power, a German tax expert has revealed. He owed the authorities 405,500 Reichsmarks (6m euros; £4m in today’s money) by 1934, when as German chancellor his debts were forgiven. A retired Bavarian notary, Klaus-Dieter …

Adolf Hitler spent years evading taxes and owed German authorities 405,000 Reichsmarks, equivalent to $8 million today. Soon after he took power, he was declared free of tax obligations. Read More »

Polish priest Maximilian Kolbe provided shelter to 2000 Jews during WW2. He was later sent to Auschwitz where he volunteered to sacrifice his life for a stranger.

Maximilian Kolbe Maximilian Maria Kolbe OFM Conv. (Polish: Maksymilian Maria Kolbe [maksɨˌmʲilʲan ˌmarʲja ˈkɔlbɛ]; 8 January 1894 – 14 August 1941), a Polish Conventual Franciscan friar, volunteered to die in place of a stranger in the German death camp of Auschwitz, located in German-occupied Poland during World War II. He had been active in promoting …

Polish priest Maximilian Kolbe provided shelter to 2000 Jews during WW2. He was later sent to Auschwitz where he volunteered to sacrifice his life for a stranger. Read More »

When Freud left Austria, he was required to sign a document testifying that he had had every opportunity ‘to live and work in full freedom’ and had ‘not the slightest reason for any complaint’. He signed it, adding a remark of his own: ‘I can most highly recommend the Gestapo to anyone.’

Why Freud Chose Nazi Germany Over America His aversion to America was by no means unconscious: given the choice between safe passage to the United States and increasing oppression at the hands of the Nazis, Sigmund Freud chose to stick with the Nazis. The father of psychoanalysis — born on this day, May 6, in …

When Freud left Austria, he was required to sign a document testifying that he had had every opportunity ‘to live and work in full freedom’ and had ‘not the slightest reason for any complaint’. He signed it, adding a remark of his own: ‘I can most highly recommend the Gestapo to anyone.’ Read More »

To determine which movie characters best embodied psychopathic traits, forensic psychiatrist Samuel Leistedt and ten colleagues watched 400 movies over 3 years. Their winner: Anton Chigurh from “No Country for Old Men.”

Psychiatrists studied 400 movies to find the most realistic psychopath — here are their 6 key takeaways Two angles facing left, which often indicate, “return to the beginning.” Two angles facing right, which often indicate, “advance to the end.” Orion Pictures Psychopathy, loosely defined, is a combination of cold-heartedness and violence. The most extreme psychopaths …

To determine which movie characters best embodied psychopathic traits, forensic psychiatrist Samuel Leistedt and ten colleagues watched 400 movies over 3 years. Their winner: Anton Chigurh from “No Country for Old Men.” Read More »

India’s army reportedly spent six months watching “Chinese spy drones” violating its air space, only to find out they were actually Jupiter and Venus.

India: Army ‘mistook planets for spy drones’ India’s army reportedly spent six months watching “Chinese spy drones” violating its air space, only to find out they were actually Jupiter and Venus. Tensions have been high in the disputed Himalayan border area between the two nations in recent years, with India frequently accusing its neighbour of …

India’s army reportedly spent six months watching “Chinese spy drones” violating its air space, only to find out they were actually Jupiter and Venus. Read More »

Showman and businessman PT Barnum was frustrated with how long people lingered in his museum’s exhibits. He posted signs that said ‘This Way to the Egress’. He knew most of the visitors would follow them not knowing ‘Egress’ meant ‘Exit’. They couldn’t re-enter without paying the entry fee again

Barnum’s American Museum For other articles with similar names, see Barnum Museum (disambiguation). Barnum’s American Museum in 1858 After the 1868 fire Barnum’s American Museum was located at the corner of Broadway and Ann Street in New York City, United States, from 1841 to 1865. The museum was owned by famous showman P. T. Barnum, …

Showman and businessman PT Barnum was frustrated with how long people lingered in his museum’s exhibits. He posted signs that said ‘This Way to the Egress’. He knew most of the visitors would follow them not knowing ‘Egress’ meant ‘Exit’. They couldn’t re-enter without paying the entry fee again Read More »