The Pyramids at Giza are some of the world’s most breathtaking wonders. Theories about the building of the pyramids have long surrounded this wonder. The answer remains unanswered even by scientists.
Modern archaeological experts find that the Great Pyramid’s construction needed 3,000 men to produce 250 blocks per day for its structure. Much time and effort were needed from its laborers.
The Influence of the Pharaohs
The massiveness of the pyramids was a direct indicator of the pharaoh’s influence in all of Egypt. With that, the pyramids were simultaneously a temple devoted to the gods and an enormous tomb for the pharaohs. In the temples were all the necessities the pharaohs needed in their safe journey to the afterlife.
Pharaohs served as the connection of the gods to the humans. Egyptians believed that gods chose the pharaohs themselves and that their rulers would become gods after their passing. For that reason, Egyptians put great significance in conserving the bodies of their pharaohs when they’ve moved on to the afterlife. (Source: National Geographic)
The Egyptians believed that a portion of the pharaoh’s soul would continue to live, staying with his physical body. The process of mummification and the pyramids for the pharaohs are essential to the caring of their ruler. Food, furniture, and other offerings were buried, which the Egyptians believed would be helpful in the sustenance of the pharaoh.
Many communities devoted their resources and time to contribute to the making of the pyramids. The greatness of the pyramids of Gaza was a product of the unified effort the Egyptians devoted. (Source: History)
The Honored Pyramids of Giza
Situated near the Nile River in Egypt, the most acclaimed Pyramids of Gaza are the oldest and most massive compared to other pyramids. The largest pyramid out of the three pyramids, commonly called The Great Pyramid, has outlived all the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
The Great Pyramid, which was the first built, was devoted to Pharaoh Khufu. The height of this pyramid measures up to 481 feet, with each block of the pyramid weighing 2.5 to 15 tons. The pyramid’s base was more than 750 feet. It had the title of being the tallest structure made by man for thousands of years.
The second or middle pyramid at Gaza was devoted to Pharaoh Kafre, the son of Pharaoh Khufu. Unlike the other two pyramids of Gaza, what made the Pyramid of Kafre unique was the built-in statue of the Great Sphynx. Khafre’s son, Pharaoh Menkaure, then built the last pyramid of Gaza. The final pyramid was the smallest, totaling 210 feet in height; it was a forerunner for the constructed pyramids in the later 5th and 6th dynasties. (Source: History)
The Making of the Pyramids
The building of the Pyramids of Gaza remains an unknown mystery. Meanwhile, scientists and experts have studied the workers behind the Pyramids thoroughly to the point that they can debunk former beliefs on the pyramids’ workers.
Initially, the Greeks thought that the utilization of forced slave labor built the pyramids. Recent discoveries state that the workers of the pyramids were native Egyptian laborers specializing in agriculture. They worked during the flooding of the Nile River. (Source: History)
Organized communities, brimming with resources, lived near the Pyramids. Archaeological findings suggest that many other communities around Egypt contributed to the workforce, sharing food and other necessities. (Source: National Geographic)
An estimated 2,300,000 stone blocks, weighing 2.5 tons each, were used for the Great Pyramid’s construction. Each stone needed to be cut and transported to piece the structure. According to the latest archeological evidence, 20,000 workers labored for the Pyramid of Khufu; Herodotus, a Greek historian, thought that it took the labor of 100,000 men and 20 years to build the Great Pyramid. (Source: History)
The cutting of the two million blocks in the Great Pyramid’s structure required much time from the laborers. Expert Franck Burgos’ experiment in a quarry of Khufu discovered that the excavation of the stone needed 4 workers, working 6 hours a day for four days. The wetting of the block with water significantly quickened the process. His study concluded that 3,500 men produced 250 blocks per day to finish Khufu’s Pyramid within 27 years. (Source: Egyptian Architecture)