Forestry

Finches

How Do Birds Keep Pests and Parasites Away?

Birds are renowned for designing their nest with vegetation rich in compounds that keep them away from parasites. But one unlikely component may actually help birds keep their nest pest free.  The nicotine in the cigarettes help keeps the parasite away. Some urban birds like finches and sparrows use cigarette butts as a form of …

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Osage Orange

What is the Osage Orange?

Mammoths were hairy elephants belonging to the genus Mammuthus. They were cold-climate adapted and lived in Europe until 4,500 years ago. Both hunters and climate change wiped them out. Elephants are descended from mammoths that are no longer alive. Did you know that there is a fruit that depended on the mammoth for survival?  The …

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The Great Smog

How Bad Was the Great Smog of London?

On December 5, 1952, the Great Smog of London descended due to a combination of bad weather conditions and severe air pollution. The smog dwelled upon the British Capital for five days. The toxic air and absolute lack of visibility were definitely hazardous, but how bad was the so-called Great Smog? The Great Smog of …

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