Афроамериканский архитектор Пол Уильямс научился рисовать вверх ногами, потому что белым клиентам было неудобно сидеть рядом с чернокожим. Он практиковал в основном в Южной Калифорнии и проектировал дома многих знаменитостей, включая Фрэнка Синатру, Люсиль Болл и Дези Арназ, Лона Чейни.

Paul Revere Williams, FAIA (February 18, 1894 – January 23, 1980) was an American architect based in Los Angeles, California. He practiced mostly in Southern California and designed the homes of numerous celebrities, including Frank Sinatra, Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz, Lon Chaney, Barbara Stanwyck and Charles Correll. He also designed many public and private buildings.

Williams came from a family of middle class Memphis residents: Chester Stanley and Lila Wright Williams. They migrated to Los Angeles in 1893 with their son, Chester, to start a fruit business, but were not successful. Paul was born in Los Angeles on February 18, 1894. His father died in 1896 from tuberculosis and his mother two years later from the same illness, leaving the boys in foster care. He was eventually adopted by C.I. Clarkson and his wife. Williams was the only African-American student in his elementary school. He studied at the Los Angeles School of Art and Design and at the Los Angeles branch of the New York Beaux-Arts Institute of Design Atelier, subsequently working as a landscape architect with Wilbur Cook, Jr. He studied architectural engineering from 1916 to 1919 at the University of Southern California, where he earned his degree, designing several residential buildings while a student there. Williams became a certified architect in California in 1921 and the first certified African-American architect west of the Mississippi. Продолжить чтение (чтение 3 минуты)

8 thoughts on “African American architect Paul Williams learned to draw upside down because white clients were uncomfortable sitting next to a black man. He practiced mostly in Southern California and designed the homes of numerous celebrities, including Frank Sinatra, Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz, Lon Chaney”

  1. Thinkpad200

    He did some great house designs that really had an early California vibe. But most architects learn to sketch upside down with clients. (Source: am architect)

  2. pobody

    I mean, that may have been a contributing factor, but it was not uncommon for draftsmen to learn to write upside down. They would frequently be in design meetings and be on the wrong side of the table and have to do that.

    You also wouldn’t do that for any significant drafting/revisions. You would do that on a drafting table, and anyone who has seen one knows they are tilted up. Nobody uses a drafting table from the wrong side.

  3. Edensired

    It took me a minute to understand this meant he was across the table from them drawing.

  4. TheDalaiLahma

    Hello. Architect here. Not sure how much this has to do with race. Possible, but not certain. Most architects have some ability to sketch upside down because you’re not going to be sat right next to the client while presenting ideas, it’s more likely that you’ll be sat across from them. Of course you can sketch right side up but sketching upside down removes some paper shuffling.

  5. ezalexander3

    I don’t think racism is the only reason an architect would draw upside down. However, on the AIA gold medal award page for him that’s the reason it states HE drew upside down. I’m sure there are many advantages. First and foremost this guy was a great architect building buildings for a mostly white clientele- this guy was designing masterpieces and knocking down doors –

Оставить комментарий