Victor Hugo wrote the Hunchback of Norte-Dame to inform people of the value of Gothic architecture, which was being neglected and destroyed at the time. This explains the large descriptive sections of the book, which far exceed the requirements of the story.

The Hunchback of Notre-Dame

This article is about the Victor Hugo novel. For other uses, see The Hunchback of Notre Dame (disambiguation).

The Hunchback of Notre-Dame (French: Notre-Dame de Paris, “Our Lady of Paris”) is a French Gothic novel by Victor Hugo, published in 1831.

Title

The novel’s original French title, Notre-Dame de Paris, is a double entendre: it refers to Notre Dame Cathedral, on which the story is centered, and Esmeralda, the novel’s main character who is “our lady of Paris” and the center of the human drama within the story[citation needed]. Frederic Shoberl’s 1833 English translation was published as The Hunchback of Notre Dame (which became the generally used title in English), which refers to Quasimodo, Notre Dame’s bellringer.

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Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Hunchback_of_Notre-Dame