Czechoslovakia split up against the wishes of its people: “only 37% of Slovaks and 36% of Czechs favoured dissolution”

Dissolution of Czechoslovakia

Part of a series on the

History of Czechoslovakia

Origins of Czechoslovakia


First Czechoslovak Republic


Munich Agreement


Second Czechoslovak Republic


German occupation


Bohemia and Moravia


Slovak Republic


Third Czechoslovak Republic


Coup d’état


Czechoslovak Socialist Republic


Prague Spring/Invasion


Velvet Revolution




Dissolution of Czechoslovakia





The Dissolution of Czechoslovakia (Czech: Rozdělení Československa, Slovak: Rozdelenie Česko-Slovenska) took effect on January 1, 1993 and … Continue Reading (18 minute read)

12 thoughts on “Czechoslovakia split up against the wishes of its people: “only 37% of Slovaks and 36% of Czechs favoured dissolution””

  1. Kahzootoh

    The Slovak political parties wanted a looser form of government, the Czech political parties wanted either a tighter form of government or total separation. When they opened negotiations to try to resolve their positions, they both eventually found dissolution preferable to either a looser form of government or a tighter form or government.

  2. Tenpat

    [It looks like it was a separation caused by politics not a vote.](

    I understand the Czech position because loose federations nearly always fall apart when things get tough so having a tighter federal government would be better long term.

    On a side note: I used to work with a woman who was Czech and she translated to English via German via two dictionaries she had, Czech to German and German to English. She had us over for dinner (very delicious) but she kept referring to meat as *flesh* and it would put me off of it. “Would you like some more *flesh*?”

    I understand that is because the German word for meat is Fleisch but it still bothered me.

  3. Scorpwind

    I live in Slovakia. My mom still tells me stories about how it was before the seperation from time to time. Praises them even.

  4. JuzoItami

    Of course, the “Czechs” and the “Slovaks” were against splitting up Czechoslovakia. People forget it was the third group in the federation – the little known “O” ethnic minority – that pushed for the breakup.

  5. johnstark2

    They would’ve been World Cup contenders every tournament if they were still one country

  6. k-c-jones

    My grandpa bought a tractor from there back in the 80’s. Zetor is the brand name. That thing is nearly indestructible. Built to be worked on. Those folks could build a tractor. God bless them.

  7. Foreign-Complaint130

    I seem to remember that only 1/3 of American colonists were in favour of independence from Britain.

    Clearly 1/3 is the magic number for this kind of thing

  8. pfortuny

    So 73% of the total population?

  9. MightyThoreau

    Missed the opportunity to call it Czechxit

  10. PosXIII

    Contrary to the 2014 Prague Post article that was cited on Wikipedia, there is a fairly large disparity between the two countries’ economies.

    While the average Household income is not too far apart, the Slovak GDP is about half of that in CZ, Poverty and Unemployment are higher in Slovakia, and with roughly the same economic growth rates, it is unlikely that Slovakia will catch CZ.

    At the time there was a strange sense of nationalism that was on display by some of the political elites of both countries, not untypical for many of the former communist and Soviet satellite states, which only compounded the issues they had regarding the size and shape of government.

    “the creation of an independent Slovak republic was more an unintended outcome of the postcommunist panic and confusion exploited by ambitious politicians than the culmination of Slovak national emancipation.” –Martin Bútora and Zora Bútorová (Slovak sociologists)

    The Wikipedia article seems to gloss over the fact that only a few people pushed for the split, with the Czechs that did, favoring it for economic reasons (and personal greed), and the Slovaks doing it out of a sense of nationalism fostered by several populist politicians (who did it for greed).

    Ultimately, the move was not that effective, but it seemed to especially hurt the Slovaks, as their economy post-split was slow/stagnant initially. Also, the greatest problem caused by the split, was the loss of the Czechoslovakian National Hockey Team, which was, and would have continued to be an absolute power house (not that either current team is bad).

  11. Subverto_

    Now if California could just split into “Normal People California” and “Crazy Out of Touch With Reality California”.

  12. Capable-Sock-7410

    Only the politicians wanted to separate

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